Kotor Fortress, Montenegro – photo essay and tourist information
Kotor Fortress, snaking up the hill behind the town of the Kotor, has been listed as an UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979 and offers breathtaking views across the stunning Kotor Bay.
The defences of the medieval town include ramparts, towers, citadels, gates, bastions, forts, a castle, and contains a mixture of different military architecture with discernible traces of Illyricum, Byzantium, Venice, and Austria styles evident across the site. The fortifications were gradually built between 9th and 19th centuries.
The medieval town of Kotor is positioned on a triangular piece of land, bordered by the Bay of Kotor to the south west. The city walls offers protection on the city’s northern and south-western side and comprise of three gates offering access to the water (Sea Gate, River Gate and Southern Gate) which are protected by solid bastions (the most prominent being the Kampana tower and citadel at the point where the river enters the bay). On top of the mountain the castle of San Giovanni dominates the eastern bay and the town below.
Climbing the fortress
The city walls of Kotor are around 4.5km in total length and and the ascend from the town to the uppermost ramparts is around 1.2 km. The best time to climb the 1350 steps is during the morning or late afternoon and the round trip will take around 2 hours. It is not advisable to those with health problems and you will need good solid shoes (no flip-flops) as the stairs are uneven in places. The entrance free in 3 €.
Check out this useful map with monument list and three walking paths you can choose to visit the Fortress. The colours represent:
- relatively safe walking path
- zone of increased risk
- high risk zone
Letters A and B represent entrance points.
(Click to enlarge)