Italy hitch-hiker essentials
Italy hitch-hiker essentials
Types of roads
1) Autostrade (Motorways, A-roads) – motorways with the speed limit of 130 km/h.The majority of them are toll roads. Hitch-hiking on them is illegal.
2) Strade extraurbane principale (Main extra-urban road, SS-roads or Type-B) – lower rank motorways (often dual carriageways) with a speed limit of 110 km/h. They are never toll roads. They usually lead to cities or town centres. Hitch-hiking on them is illegal.
3) Strade extraurbane secondarie (Secondary extra-urban road, Type-C) – national roads with speed limit of 90 km/h. They are single carriageway roads. Hitch-hiking on them is legal, unless stated otherwise.
4) Strade urbane di scorrimento (Urban highway, D-type) – They are dual carriageways with a pavement. The speed limit on them is 70 km/h. Hitch-hiking on them is legal.
5) Strade urbane (Urban road, E-type) – They are single carriageways with a pavement. The speed limit on them is 50 km/h. Hitch-hiking on them is legal.
Map of motorways (autostrade)
Map of motorways and dual carriageways
(Type B & C which are illegal to hitch-hike on)
green – motorways (A-type roads)
blue – B-type / C-type roads longer than 30km, inc. SS 11 and SS Torino-Chivasso 114 Augusta-Siracusa road.
Speed limit on Italian roads
Absolutely essential hitch-hikers phrasebook
– Hello – Ciao (CHA-oow)
– Thank you – Grazie. (GRAHT-tsyeh)
– Yes – Sì (SEE)
– No – No (NOH)
– Please – Per favore. (PEHR fah-VOH-reh)
– Excuse me – Mi scusi. (mee SKOO-zee) (more formal) / Scusa (SKOO-sah) (less formal)
– How are you? – Come stai? (koh-meh STAI?)
– Goodbye – Ciao (CHA-oow) / Arrivederci. (ahr-ree-veh-DEHR-chee)
– Hitch-hiking – autostop (AW-to-stop)
– I don’t have money – Non ho soldi (Non oh SOL-dee)
– we don’t have money – Non abbiamo soldi (Non a-BYAH-moh SOL-dee)
– money – soldi (SOL-dee)
– I’m going to … – Io vado a … (EE-yo VA-doh ah…)
– We are going to … – Abbiamo a… (a-BYA-moh ah…)
– Where are you going? – Dove vai? (DOH-veh VAH-ee?
– Can we go with you? – Possiamo venire con voi? (pos-YA-moh veh-NEE-reh con VO-ee?)
– I am… – (io) sono (EE-yo SOH-noh)
– I am from… – (io) sono de… (EE-yo SOH-noh deh…)
– Nice to meet you! – Piacere (pya-CHE-reh)
– I don’t understand – Non capisco (Non ka-PIECE-koh)
– now – ora (OH-rah)
– today – oggi (OHD-jee)
– yesterday – ieri (YEH-ree)
– tomorrow – domani (doh-MAH-nee)
– friend – amico (ah-MEE-coh)
→ Very useful when they ask you where you’re staying. The concept of Couchsurfing is often too difficult to explain, so just say you’re staying with a friend. You can also use this word to express the relationship between you and your fellow travellers.
– Can you stop? – Potete fermare? (poh-TEH-teh freh-MAH-reh)
– I want to get out – Voglio scendere (voh-LYOH SHEN-deh-reh)
– Turn left – Girare a sinistra! (gee-RAH-reh ah see-NEE-strah)
– Turn right – Girare a destra! (gee-RAH-reh ah DEH-strah)
– Straight ahead – Dritto (DREE-toh)
– Here – qui (kwe)
– Do you have… (in a shop, literally “is there?) – C’è…? (CHE..?) or Ci sono… (plural) (CHEE SO-noh…?)
– beer – la birra (lah beer-RAH)
→ You should know this word, you will be often invited for some.
– bus station – stazione dell’autobus (stah-DSYOH-neh dehl-LOW-toh-boos)
→ You should know this word and listen out for it to avoid situations when your driver, in their best intentions, takes you off the road and drives you to a station.
– train station – stazione ferroviaria (stah-DSYOH-neh fehr-roh-VYAH-ryah)
– Help! – Aiuto! (ah-YOO-toh!)
– Look out! – Attento! (ah-TEN-toh)
– street – strada (STRAH-dah)
– road – via (VEE-yah)
– roundabout – rotonda (ro-TON-dah)
– crossroads – crocevia (croh-che-VEE-yah)
Italy – EU countries
Since Italy belongs to the EU, border crossings with fellow EU states and Schengen countries (Vatican City, San Marino, Switzerland) have become obsolete. They are no longer manned and thus should not present any problems for travellers.
written by: Ania