Santillana del Mar Monument & Sights guide

Groups of tourists on Ramón Pelayo square - Santillana del Mar, Spain (22)

Santillana del Mar Monument & Sights guide

Santillana del Mar Monument & Sights guide

source: santillana-del-mar.com (click on image to enlarge)

Santillana del Mar Monument & Sights guide

Colegiata de Santa Juliana y Claustro
(Collegiate Church & Cloister of Santillana del Mar)

Monument Type: Church
Address: Plaza las Arenas
Website: santillanadelmarturismo.com/colegiata.
Opening Times: Tues – Sun: 10 a.m. – 1.30 p.m. & 4 p.m. – 7.30 p.m.
Price: General Admission: 3 €

St. Juliana Church on Stones square with bottle rested on the stones - Santillana del Mar, Spain (7), Santillana del Mar Monument & Sights guide

Information: Built in the 12th century by monks wanting to create a small chapel in which to expose the relics of the martyred Juliana, the Collegiate was constructed on the site of an older monastery dating from 870. It is Romanesque in design and has three naves, with dome, transept, three semi-circular apses and a tower. The altarpiece is the work of a master artist from Burgos, dating from the beginning of the 16th century.

Medieval Santillana

Santillana del Mar Monument & Sights guide

After construction of the Collegiate of Santa Juliana, Santillana became a major centre of economic and religious importance in the north of Spain. With construction along the street known as calle del Rey, currently divided into the streets of Rio, Canton and Carrera. From this period the current street Juan Infante was built, which as you head towards la Plaza del Mercado (now Plaza Mayor), forms the distinctive “Y” shape of the town.

Important buildings from this period include the Merino and Don Borja Towers, both Gothic in style with a military character. The first was the seat of the Merino, representative of the king, since in 1209 Santillana was granted the capital of Asturias de Santillana, encompassing all the current western Cantabria except Liébana.

Other buildings were initiated at this time the Casa de Leonor de la Vega, mother of the first Marquis of Santillana and the Velarde Tower.

Renaissance Santillana

Santillana del Mar Monument & Sights guide

The best remaining examples of Renaissance architecture in Santillana are the Velarde Palace, constructed in the mid XVI century and notable its stepped gable façade and decorative finials and its plateresque balcony with wide lintel and blustered columns, which is situated on Plaza de las Arenas and the Casa de la Parra topped with pinnacles typical of the age.

Baroque Santillana

Santillana del Mar Monument & Sights guide

The boom that followed the conquest of the America’s saw the construction of many mansions and palaces, influenced by the then prevalent Baroque architectural style. Aristocratic homes such as the Casa de los Villa, Casa de los Tagle and the outstanding Casa de los Hombrones are all testament to this era.

The Peredo Barreda Palace, which is now the headquarters of the Caja Cantabria Foundation and has recently been restored, is noteworthy for the great value of its library, furnishings, collections and valuable genealogical neoclassical paintings and the Casa de los Barreda-Bracho, today converted into the Parador Nacional Gil Blas are also very impressive Baroque dwellings.

The Regina Coeli Convent, was constructed under the guidance of Order of Dominicans and today houses the headquarters of the Diocesan Museum of Santander. The near-by Convento de las Dominicas is also a wonderful surviving example of Baroque architecture.

written by: Jon

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